Svaneti not only is the most beautiful part of Georgia and the Caucasus region, but of Europe as well. Beautiful, wild and mysterious, Svaneti is an ancient land locked in the Caucasus, so remote that it was never tamed by any ruler. Uniquely picturesque villages and snow-covered, 4000m-plus peaks rising above flower-strewn alpine meadows
Amazing local villages, permanently snow-capped mountain peaks, vast, azali pastures, the picturesque medieval towers proudly overlooking the valleys, and clouds floating among the rocky mountains. Svaneti is a real gift for fans of hiking, as well as climbers, mountain skiing and extreme sports lovers. Here, you come across a lot of feudal medieval architectural monuments, churches and chapels, medieval frescos and unique coins, which are now kept in the museums.
Svaneti is located in the valleys of the Inguri and Tskhenistskali. The Svaneti Ridge divides the region into two parts - Upper and Lower Svaneti. Upper Svaneti is located in the Inguri river valley (its villages are now under the UNESCO cultural heritage protection.), while Lower Svaneti is in the valley of Tskhenistskali river.
Svaneti boasts highest peaks of Caucasus: Shkhara (5068 m), Janga (5060 m.), Gestola (4860 m), Tetnuldi (4860 m), Tsurungala (4220 m), Ailama (4550 m), Mazeri (4010 m) , Chatini (4370 m) and two-headed ice giant Ushba (4700 m).
Vegetation in Svaneti is quite diverse. Coniferous forests start at 800-900 meters, replaced by the Alpine zone at 2450-2500, which spreads up to 3100-3200 meters. Many endemic, relict, and other rare species can be found in its broad-leaved forests, such as Georgian oak, Caucasian hornbeam, linden, mountain maple and many others. 212 species of Svaneti flora are endemic to Caucasus, 52 species are the endemic to Georgia, and 9 species are exclusively endemic to Svaneti.