Georgia has an oldest, continuous, unbroken tradition of wine making in the world, which is stretching back for 8,000 years. Many archaeological finds, like wine vessels and cultivated grape seeds, prove to world’s leading experts that Georgia is a birthplace of wine. The mention of the ancient traditions of vine growing and high quality wine production in Georgia can be found in the works of Homer and Apollonius of Rhodes. History of Georgian winegrowing takes a start from VI millennium BC. In Georgia, everyone can enjoy the world’s oldest wine culture and discover the unique Qvevri tradition of clay pots used to create delicious, natural wines. This ancient traditional Georgian winemaking method is added to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. Wine is an integral part of Georgian culture, religion, and lifestyle - including arts, architecture, poetry, unique polyphonic songs, alphabet, and script. Due to the many millennia of wine in Georgian history, and its key economical role, the traditions of its viticulture are entwined and inseparable with the country's national identity.
Among the best-known regions of Georgia where wine is produced are Kakheti (further divided into micro-regions of Telavi and Kvareli), Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti.
Traditional Georgian grape varieties are little known in the West. Now that the wines of Eastern and Central Europe are coming to international awareness, grapes from this region are becoming better known. Although there are nearly 500 indigenous grape varieties to choose from, only 38 varieties are officially grown for commercial viticulture in Georgia.
White grapes: Rkatsiteli, Mtsvane Kakhuri, Khikhvi, Kisi, Kakhuri Mtsvivani, Chinuri, Goruli Mtsvane, Tsolikouri, Tsitska, Krakhuna, Rachuli Tetra, Sakmiela, Avasirkhva.
Red grapes: Saperavi, Tavkveri, Otskhanuri Sapere, Shavkapito, Alekhandrouli, Mujuretuli, Dzelshavi, Usakhelouri, Orbeluri Ojaleshi, Ojaleshi, Chkhaveri.
International varieties of grape, that also can be found in Georgia –French Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Aligote, Muscat, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Merlot, etc.
Georgian wines have won gold, silver, bronze medals, not to mention commendations at various leading international Wine Challenges and Fairs.