Georgia is a country with ancient and rich original culture, which goes back as far as millennia. Its knowledge and recognition has crossed national borders and entered the international level to become the cultural legacy of the humanity.
Georgian monumental architecture, world-renowned art of singing and music, book miniature, rich spiritual and secular literature, colorful dances, jewelry, and paintings along with the hospitable Georgian people are inalienable part of this ancient country.
The original geographical position of Georgia on the border between European and Asian continents reflected on its culture, which absorbed Near-Eastern, European and local Caucasian traditions. The important trading routes crossing the territory of Georgia and connecting the north with the south, and the east with the west were the source of penetration for the elements of new cultures, traditions, trends, tendencies, doctrines etc.
Deliberate wisdom of the Orient and progressing dynamism of the West met there in Georgia. The period of the 11th – the 12th centuries were the Renaissance of Georgian state when monks in academies, churches, and monasteries put forward new humanistic ideas. Even during the Middle Ages philosophy and historiography, theology and law, poetry and art prospered in Georgia.
Architecture, astronomy, geography, and other branches of knowledge were being developed. Applied art began to arise, especially jeweler's business and art of metals processing (chasing) which still prosper.
Blossoming of secular culture occurred in the 19th century when Georgian writers and artists under the influence of European culture enriched the treasury of national and world art. The most considerable place in the treasury of spiritual culture of Georgian people is occupied by musical and dancing folklore - art of harmonious choral singing and national dances recognized all over the world.